Crop and Livestock farming – Ethiopia

Geographical profile

The EIAR is a Federal Agricultural Research Institutes. EIAR is responsible for the running of federal research centres, and Regional research institutes are administered by the Regional governments. In addition to conducting research at its federal centres, EIAR is charged with the responsibility for providing the overall coordination of agricultural research countrywide and advising Government on agricultural research policyformulation. Currently, the EIAR comprise 17 research centres and siteslocated across various agro-ecological zones. One of the strategic directionsenvisaged for increasing livestock production, productivity, quality, and market linkages through enhanced adoption and scaling up of technologies, implementation of cluster-based agriculture, input supply, and participation of the private sector. Accordingly, the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), guided by its vision and mission, is striving to contribute to the fulfilment of these fundamental national objectives by undertaking research and generating appropriate technologies, information and knowledge on dairy, beef, sheep, goat, camel, poultry, fisheries, apiculture, sericulture, animal health, feeds and nutrition and range land management research programs


The focus on food security is strongly reliant upon the livestock production systems and especially in in many of Low- to Middle Income Countries (LMIC). The limited supplies and high cost of good quality feed severely constrains exploitation of this opportunity. In many of such countries, feeds and feeding-related issues are often ranked as the primary constraint to livestock production and increased consumption of animal-source foods. Additionally, there isa. Complex biophysical, socio-economic, and technological challenges to be addressed prior to improving quality feed supply and the reasons for generally low adoption of apparently proven feed enhancement technologies

Expected benefits

Within NESTLER, EIAR will continue to investigate the impact of insect protein as an alternative to farm feed, in collaboration with MANA and ICIPE institutes. Additionally, the development of FRASS fertiliser will also be studied to monitor the quality of crop growth in Ethiopia.